A Person-Centered Approach to Students’ Evaluations of Perceived Fear Appeals and their Association with Engagement

Nicholson, Laura, Putwain, Dave, Nakhla, Ghada, Porter, Benjamin, Liversidge, Anthony and Reece, Monika (2018) A Person-Centered Approach to Students’ Evaluations of Perceived Fear Appeals and their Association with Engagement. The Journal of Experimental Education. pp. 1-22. ISSN 1940-0683 DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00220973.2018.1448745

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Abstract

A person-centered approach was employed to investigate how students’ evaluation of perceived teacher utility value messages, i.e., fear appeals, as a threat and as a challenge, combined within individuals and how these combinations related to student engagement. Two studies were conducted with students in their final two years of secondary education. Empirically-distinct clusters emerged at two time-points in the academic year. Evaluating the message in the fear appeal at a higher level of challenge than threat was beneficial. Unexpectedly, high threat was associated with high engagement, as long as high challenge was also present, however, this combination was also related to high emotional disaffection. Moderate threat combined with moderate challenge had the most detrimental relationship with student engagement. Educational interventions should aim to increase the likelihood of a challenge evaluation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fear appeals, Student engagement, Cluster analysis, Threat evaluation, Challenge evaluation
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Education
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2018 14:30
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/10104

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