The combined effects of questioning technique and interviewer manner on false confessions

Paton, Wendy, Bain, S.A, Gozna, L, Gilchrist, E, Heim, Derek, Gardner, E, Cairns, D, McGranaghan, P and Fischer, R (2018) The combined effects of questioning technique and interviewer manner on false confessions. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling. ISSN 1544-4767 DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1513

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Abstract

While it is known that interrogation tactics can elicit false confessions and interviewer manner may determine the outcome of an interview, the combined effects of questioning technique and interviewer manner on false confessions has not been examined empirically. Following a false accusation of theft, participants were interviewed in one of four questioning conditions (minimisation, repetitive questioning, leading questions and non-leading questions) in which interviewers adopted a stern or friendly manner. Perceptions of pressure to confess and interviewer behaviours were measured. Significantly more false confessions were elicited using non-leading questions rather than repetitive questioning. More false confessions were elicited in the friendly interviewer condition than in the stern interviewer condition. Neither interviewer manner nor questioning technique had a significant effect on subjective ratings of pressure to confess. The finding that false confessions may be elicited in the absence of coercive tactics may have implications for informing best practices in investigative interviewing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: False confessions; Interview tactics; Interviewer demeanour
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 13:28
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/10650

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