Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: Gender, sport type and level of ability differences

Nicholls, A.R., Polman, R.C.J., Levy, Andy, Taylor, J. and Cobley, S. (2007) Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: Gender, sport type and level of ability differences. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (13). pp. 1521-1530. ISSN 0264-0414 DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410701230479

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness as a function of gender, type of sport, and skill. The sample consisted of 749 undergraduate athletes (455 males, 294 females) aged 18 – 38 years (mean = 19.8 years). Skill was classified as international/national, county, university, and club standard. Participants completed a stressor and coping concept map (Novak & Gowin, 1984). The results revealed gender, type of sport, and skill differences in relation to stressor frequencies, coping strategy deployment, and coping effectiveness. In contrast to previous research, females used a variety of problem-focused (e.g. planning, communication, technique-orientated coping) strategies more frequently than males. Team sport athletes reported a variety of sport-specific stressors relating to the demands of playing in a team environment. The group of national/international athletes reported using more planning, blocking, and visualization, and also reported that their coping was more effective than that of less-skilled athletes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Sports Science
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2011 14:13
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/3056

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