Representation of refugees and asylum seekers in UK newspapers: Towards a corpus-based analysis

Gabrielatos, Costas and Baker, Paul (2006) Representation of refugees and asylum seekers in UK newspapers: Towards a corpus-based analysis. Joint Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics and the Irish Association for Applied Linguistics (BAAL/IRAAL 2006): From Applied Linguistics to Linguistics Applied: Issues, Practices, Trends, 7th - 9th September, University College, Cork, Ireland.

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This paper reports work on an ongoing project on the representation of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK press. In recent years, the issue of refugees and asylum seekers entering the UK has has attracted intense media and political discussion. As the representation of these groups in the press can influence the way in which readers perceive them, the discourses surrounding these, and related, groups have been the focus of linguistic studies (e.g. Greenslade, 2005; ter Wal, 2002). Although the project combines approaches within critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics, the aim of this paper is to exemplify how corpus-based techniques can contribute to CDA (cf. Hardt-Mautner, 1995; Orpin, 2005; Sotillo & Wang-Gempp, 2004; Wilson, 1993). The study uses a corpus of 150 million words, comprising articles relevant to refugees and asylum seekers from 12 national and 3 local UK newspapers, spanning the last ten years. Following Baker & McEnery (2005), the paper analyses collocational networks surrounding the terms refugee(s) and asylum seeker(s), that is, the linguistic units which tend to co-occur statistically significantly with these terms in the corpus. The study also makes use of the notions of semantic prosody: the "consistent aura of meaning with which a form is imbued by its collocates" (Louw, 1993: 157), and, more significantly, Stubbs' expanded notion of discourse prosody: âa feature which extends over more than one unit in a linear string. ⦠[P]rosodies often express the speakerâs reason for making the utterance, and therefore identify functional discourse unitsâ (2001: 111-112). Through the examination of frequent collocates for patterns and systematic associations, elements of the underlying discourses related to, and, arguably, constructing the identities of, the two groups can be revealed. The paper will also compare the corresponding discourses in broadsheets and tabloids.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Presentation slides and list of references.
Uncontrolled Keywords: corpora ; corpus-based research ; discourse analysis ; critical discourse analysis ; collocation ; consistent collocates ; intercollocation ; collocational networks ; semantic prosody ; semantic preference ; topoi
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: English Language & Literature
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2012 11:44

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