Instructions to Adopt an External Focus Enhance Muscular Endurance

Marchant, David, Greig, Matt, Bullough, J and Hitchen, D (2011) Instructions to Adopt an External Focus Enhance Muscular Endurance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82 (3). pp. 466-473. ISSN 0270-1367 DOI

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The influence of internal (movement focus) and external (outcome focus) attentional-focusing instructions on muscular endurance were investigated using three exercise protocols with experienced exercisers. Twenty-three participants completed a maximal repetition, assisted bench-press test on a Smith's machine. An external focus of attention resulted in significant (p < .05) improvements in performance compared to the internal focus of attention, but not the control condition. Seventeen participants completed repetitions to failure at 75% 1-RM cm free bench-press and squat exercises. In both tasks, externally focused instructions resulted in significantly greater repetitions to failure than control and internal focus conditions (p < .05). These results support previous research showing beneficial effects of externally focused instructions on movement efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sports Science
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2013 13:14

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