Twenty Years of Stereotype Threat Research: A Review of Psychological Mediators.

Pennington, Charlotte, Heim, Derek, Levy, Andy and Larkin, Derek (2016) Twenty Years of Stereotype Threat Research: A Review of Psychological Mediators. PLoS One, 11 (1). pp. 1-25. DOI 0.1371/journal.pone.0146487

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Abstract

This systematic literature review appraises critically the mediating variables of stereotype threat. A bibliographic search was conducted across electronic databases between 1995 and 2015. The search identified 45 experiments from 38 articles and 17 unique proposed mediators that were categorized into affective/subjective (n = 6), cognitive (n = 7) and moti-vational mechanisms (n = 4). Empirical support was accrued for mediators such as anxiety, negative thinking, and mind-wandering, which are suggested to co-opt working memory resources under stereotype threat. Other research points to the assertion that stereotype threatened individuals may be motivated to disconfirm negative stereotypes, which can have a paradoxical effect of hampering performance. However, stereotype threat appears to affect diverse social groups in different ways, with no one mediator providing unequivocal empirical support. Underpinned by the multi-threat framework, the discussion postulates that different forms of stereotype threat may be mediated by distinct mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 14:18
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/7084

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