Computer simulation of leadership, consensus decision making and collective behaviour in humans

Wu, Song and Sun, Quanbin (2014) Computer simulation of leadership, consensus decision making and collective behaviour in humans. PLOS One, 9 (1). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1932-6203 DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080680

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability of a crowd simulation model developed by the authors by reproducing Dyer et al.'s experiments (published in Philosophical Transactions in 2009) on human leadership and consensus decision making in a computer-based environment. The theoretical crowd model of the simulation environment is presented, and its results are compared and analysed against Dyer et al.'s original experiments. It is concluded that the simulation results are largely consistent with the experiments, which demonstrates the reliability of the crowd model. Furthermore, the simulation data also reveals several additional new findings, namely: 1) the phenomena of sacrificing accuracy to reach a quicker consensus decision found in ants colonies was also discovered in the simulation; 2) the ability of reaching consensus in groups has a direct impact on the time and accuracy of arriving at the target position; 3) the positions of the informed individuals or leaders in the crowd could have significant impact on the overall crowd movement; and 4) the simulation also confirmed Dyer et al.'s anecdotal evidence of the proportion of the leadership in large crowds and its effect on crowd movement. The potential applications of these findings are highlighted in the final discussion of this paper. © 2014 Wu, Sun.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Computing and Information Systems
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2016 08:56
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/8001

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