The independent and interactive effects of the Big Five personality dimensions upon dispositional coping and coping effectiveness in sport

Kaiseler, M, Levy, Andy, Nicholls, A R and Madigan, D (2017) The independent and interactive effects of the Big Five personality dimensions upon dispositional coping and coping effectiveness in sport. International Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1612-197X DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1362459

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Abstract

We examined the independent and interactive effects of the Big-Five personality traits on dispositional coping and coping effectiveness among athletes. Participants were 400 athletes (mean age 22.97, s =7.00) from the United Kingdom. The athletes completed measures of personality, dispositional coping, and coping effectiveness. The Big-Five personality traits independently predicted the use of higher-order coping dimensions. Extraversion, agreeableness, and openness positively predicted task-oriented coping. Neuroticism positively predicted distraction-oriented coping, whereas agreeableness, extraversion and conscientiousness were negative predictors. Both extraversion and neuroticism positively predicted disengagement-oriented coping, whereas agreeableness and conscientiousness were negative predictors. Only neuroticism predicted coping effectiveness, which emerged as a negative predictor. Findings also showed a two-way interaction effect for predicting task-oriented coping between neuroticism and openness, and between extraversion and neuroticism. A further two-way interaction effect for predicting distraction-oriented coping was found between agreeableness and conscientiousness. These findings reinforce the need to investigate not only independent, but also interactive effects of personality dimensions upon sport-related dispositional coping.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: personality, big-five, dispositional coping, coping effectiveness, sport
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2017 13:28
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/9391

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