Anthocyanin-rich potato improves arterial compliance in healthy human adults

Tsang, Catherine, Moosawi, Suzana AI, Smail, Nacer Foudil and Dujaili, Emad AI (2017) Anthocyanin-rich potato improves arterial compliance in healthy human adults. 2nd International Conference on Obesity. Session 2: Non-surgical treatments and Cardiovascular Disease, Pulmonary Function, Allergy and Immunity., 6/11/2017-8/11/2017, Barcelona, Spain, ISSN 10.18689.

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Abstract

Arterial stiffness is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and dietary polyphenols, may play an important role in mediating vascular tone. The present single-blind randomised cross-over placebo controlled trial investigated the effect of consumption of an anthocyanin-rich potato, Purple Majesty (PM), in 14 healthy male and female adults. Participants consumed 200 g PM containing 114 mg anthocyanins, or placebo (Osprey) with negligible anthocyanin content for 14 days, separated by a 1-week washout period. Non invasive assessment of vascular tone (arterial stiffness) by pulse wave velocity (PWV) was determined in addition to systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high density lipoproteins (HDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), triglycerides, glucose, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and c-reactive protein (CRP). Arterial stiffness was significantly reduced (p=0.001) following PM consumption. PM contained higher levels of total phenolics, total anthocyanins and antioxidant capacity compared with placebo, and daily consumption of PM over 14 days was well tolerated by participants. There were no significant changes with any other clinical parameter measured, and no changes were observed following placebo. The findings from this acute trial indicate improved vascular tone following daily consumption of PM and inclusion in the human diet could provide a valuable source of anthocyanins.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Proceedings)
Additional Information: Journal of Food Technology 2,4 p32
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anthocyanins, Polyphenols, Cardiovascular disease, Arterial stiffness, Pulse wave velocity
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: Nursing and Midwifery
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2017 14:16
URI: http://repository.edgehill.ac.uk/id/eprint/9884

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